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Home » Archive » 2021 » Veterinary Session

Veterinary session

Development of professional attitude of veterinarians and veterinary students during their carreer
Farczádi Rebeka - year 5
University of Veterinary Medicine Budapest, Department of Pathology
Supervisor: Dr. Míra Mándoki

Abstract:

The aim of the study is to examine the factors that determine the motivation, commitment, career choice, and carreer satisfaction of veterinary students and recent graduates. Based on previous research and literature data, theories of key motivation and also how intrinsic motivation such as love for animals and commitment to healing can positively influence learning and performance. I present what factors influence career choice, as well as what factors play a role in commitment to a veterinary career, such as the opportunity to do an internship during the studies or the personality of the teachers and the methods of university education.I distributed my self-designed questionnaire online to students and veterinarians who have graduated from university in the last 5 years. The subjects were selected by access-based sampling, snowball method, the test was taken in the spring of 2021, the study was conducted anonymously. The questions were designed to examine demographic data and the most important experiences and motivational factors related to the profession, specialization, and university studies. The questionnaire was completed by 264 individuals, 116 women and 50 men, with a mean age of 24.98 years. Of the respondents, 122 were already graduated veterinarians.

The results show that the probability of a change of specialization was not influenced by whether individuals chose the veterinary profession mainly because of internal or external motivational factors. Examining the factors students consider as possible reasons of changing specialization, it can be said that motivation related to the present and the future has a more important role in this issue, and internal motivation has a more important role in commitment to the profession than to the specialization. It has been shown that students doing internships are more likely to consider their current specialty to be their final one, and also that the younger someone decides to become a veterinarian, the more they feel that their current specialization is their final one. It has also been proven that the more often someone’s idea of what field they want to work in has changed, the less likely they are to change or want to change specializations in the years following graduation. 



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