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Home » Archive » 2014

TDK conference 2014

The Therapeutic Application of NMES on Dogs, the Determination of Stimulation Sites and the Physiological Values
Seregi Bernadett - year 4
SZIU Faculty of Veterinary Science, Department of Anatomy and Histology
Supervisors: Dr. Ferenc Szalay, Dr. Otília Biksi

Abstract:

Nowadays, the need for physiotherapeutic treatment in the veterinarian medicine is growing. From the wide scale of physicotherapeutic methods the electrotherapy gives the physiotherapists an opportunity to relieve pain and to use it in the rehabilitation of injured muscles and nerves. From the different stimulation techniques of electrotherapy only the musculomuscular stimulations were performed in the therapeutic practice with electrode pads, which could be easily applied, based on the anatomical knowledge acquired during the general physiotherapeutic studies.

In our understanding there is no practical documentation from NMES (Neuromuscular Electrical Stimulation) treatment from the field of animal physiotherapy. During these stimulations point electrodes were applied to the innervating nerves of the muscle and to the distal end of the muscle belly, thus we are able to perform a selective contraction on the whole muscle belly.

Due to its exact localization, the discomfort caused by the electric current could be minimized, the flash-overs which are common during the use of electrode pads could be avoided, the contractions can be increased, and the time of the rehabilitation process could be shortened.

Our goal was to provide an anatomic description, which is based on the formerly acquired knowledge of physiotherapists, and to enable the practitioners the safe use of NMES in the therapeutic field. These anatomical locations are also illustrated in present work.

In our research data collection started with determination of the stimulation sites during dissections. After the collection of these data we performed electrical stimulation of pure breed dogs, with standardized stimulation parameters in order to determine the physiological threshold of the peripheral nerves. Our goal was to collect data on dogs of wide variety of form and body conformation to reveal therapeutic relevance of the dissected stimulation sites. During the examinations we also observed the behaviour of the dogs and discovered some limitations of the NMES method.

This paper provides a good reference for the pracitcing small animal physiotherapists. The NMES is a suitable diagnostic tool and a technique for the treatment of muscles and peripheral nerve sections in the rehabilitation of the locomotor disorders.



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